European Fan Palm
European Fan Palm Website

European Fan Palm


Chamaerops humilis

  • Green Leaves
  • Slow Growing
  • Longer Stems

Silver European Fan Palm


Chamaerops humilis var cerifera

  • Blue to Silver Leaves
  • Very Slow Growing
  • Shorter Stems

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Welcome to EuropeanFanPalms.com

The beautiful, cold hardy and drought resistant palm tree. This title goes to the European Fan Palm or also known as The Mediterranean Fan Palm. The European Fan Palm is ideal for landscapes and containers. With multiple trunks and triangular fan shapped leaves that range from green, blue-green to gray green, this palm can be used as a single focus point or planted togehter makes a great barrier for privacy. The European fan palm grows up to 15 feet and is gaining as a replacement to the less cold hardy Pigmy Date Palm or Roebelini.

Cold Hardy European Fan Palm

This Amazing cold hardy European Fan Palm is drought tolerant and can deal with freezing temperatures with no problems. Often planted along the shores of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and Florida, the European Fan Palm can also handle salt breezes. They are hurricane resistant and very easy to maintain. The Cold Hardy European Fan Palm is also very slow growing making this palm tree perfect for any small patio garden, outdoor landscaping or even as a privacy hedge. This all around palm loves full sun but can handle partial shade and even if acclimated correctly can handle 50% shade. Landscaping with the European Fan Palm is also very popular in the desert areas of California, Nevada, and Texas. You can see European Fan palms pretty much everywhere in the world. They naturally form in clumps. The more mature specimens can go for thousands of dollars. Most of the Mature European Specimens are more than 25 years old. You may also see these Cold Tolerant Palms in Hotel Lobby's with lots of lighting or in Malls. They make for a beautiful ornamental plant.

European Fan Palm Quick Overview

The popular European Fan Palm has tremendously increased in demand. They are cold hardy palm trees that take over the kingdom the pygmy date once had. The European Fan Palms are very very slow growing and will only grow a few inches a year. The fan leaves are tufted at the top of stems clothed with fibers from old leaf bases. It can resist temperatures of 15-20 degrees F, and is drought resistant. Stalks of the leaves are spiny along the edges. Its palmate leaves may be green but are sometimes a glaucous blue. There are two types of European Fan Palms. The Silver or Blue European Fan Palm (Chamaerors humilis var. cerifera) and the green European Fan Palm (Chamaerors humilis). One of the hardiest palms, the European Fan Palm can withstand temperatures down to 15 degrees F. The clustering fan palm is slow growing and is able to be kept in a container for many years before reaching even six to seven feet in height.

European Fan Palms have been a knock out in any landscaped placed.

European Fan Palm Tree Data

  • Common Name:European fan palm, Mediterranean Fan palm, Windmill palm, Dwarf European Fan Palm
  • Botanical Name:Chamaerops Humilis
  • Scientific Synonymy:Chamaerops humilis var. elegans, Chamaerops humilis var. arborescens, Chamaerops arborescens, Chamaerops conduplicata, Chamaerops humilis var. depressa, Chamaerops humilis var. elata, Chamaerops macrocarpa, Chamaerops humilis subvar. macrocarpa, Chamaerop
  • Common Synonymy:Dwarf fan palm, European fan palm, Palm cabbage. French: Chamérops humble, Palmier nain, Palmier éventail, Palmite, Palmite nain. German: Zwergpalme. Italian: Palma nana, Ciafagghiuni. Spanish: Palma de escobas, Palma de palmitos, Palma enana, Palmera ena
  • Pronunciation:ku-MEE-rops HEW-mil-liss
  • Family:Palmae
  • Origin:Mediterranean
  • Height:10-15FT
  • Trunk:clustering Covered with old leaf bases, and dense fibers, 6-10 inches (15-25 cm) in diameter.
  • Spacing:5-10FT
  • Sun Exposure:Full Sun
  • USDA Hardiness Zones:8B through 11
  • Planting month for zone 8:year round
  • Planting month for zone 9: year round
  • Planting month for zone 10 and 11: year round
  • Uses:specimen; container or above-ground planter; near a deck or patio; foundation; border; mass planting; accent; suitable for growing indoors
  • Foliage:Yes
  • Flowering: Yes
  • Fertilizer:Feed monthly with a water soluble fertilizer. An alternative is a granular slow release fertilizer if applied annually in the early spring.
  • Watering:Drench the soil and let it become moderately dry between waterings. If you use rainwater, be careful as it could be acidic. Use warm water.
  • Soil Type:A GOOD general purpose potting soil (a soil that retains water yet drains well) will suffice. Check purchased soil to see that it is well aerated and add sand or perlite and peat moss if it seems to pack too tightly. Give the plants a chance to settle in before going back to whatever fertilization program has been successful for you. If you want to mix your own take: 1 part garden soil, 1 part coarse sand or perlite, 1 part moist peat or humus (leaf mold) and a light dusting of lime. Always use a pot with a hole.

Description of The European Fan Palm

Article by Floridata

The attractive little European fan palm has become very popular in recent years, mostly due to its cold hardiness. Severe freezes in the mid-eighties decimated many other more tender palm species then being grown in central and northern Florida. Millions of dollars worth of landscape plants were killed, creating a demand for more cold resistant varieties that could withstand the occasional cold snap. This small fan leafed palm fit the bill. Not only can it resist temperatures below 20°F but it is fairly fast growing and drought resistant too!

The European fan palm forms clumps than can grow up to 15 ft in height. The triangular, fan shaped leaves grow to about 20-24 inches long by 24 inches wide. They are deeply divided into multiple segments that are themselves split at the tip and they are supported on 3-4 ft stems. This is an extremely variable plant both in color (the leaves range from blue green to grey green to yellow green) and in shape. Some plants form suckers more freely than others to become very shrubby plants that may reach 15 ft in width. Other individuals can be seen that are almost dwarf growing just 5 ft tall by 4 ft wide. These days it is popular to remove all but a few of the suckers and to prune the leaves to form a cluster of clear trunked "mini" palms

Small, bright yellow flowers held close to the trunk are hidden behind the leaf stems which are armed with very sharp teeth. The flowers are followed in the fall by fruits which are dark yellow, orange or brown, and about 0.5 inches in diameter.


Article by Sun Palm Trees

The Mediterranean fan palm trees form clumps than can grow up to 15' in height. The triangular, fan-shaped leaves grow to about 20-24" long by 24" wide. They are deeply divided into multiple segments that are themselves split at the tip and they are supported on 3-4' stems. Cold hardy California Fan palm trees are an extremely variable plant both in color (the leaves range from blue-green to gray-green to yellow-green) and in shape. Some plants form suckers more freely than others to become very shrubby plants that may reach 15' in width. Other individuals can be seen that are almost dwarf growing just 5' tall by 4' wide. These days it is popular to remove all but a few of the suckers and to prune the leaves to form a cluster of clear-trunked "mini" palms.

Uses of The European Fan Palm


This salt-tolerant palm may also be prunned and trimmed to be as a singletrunked palm. Since the leaf stalks are spiny, Fan Palm may also be used as a fence barrier. It makes for a nice accent plant in a shrub border or in a low-growing groundcover. It can also be planted several feet apart in a mass on a large-scale landscape forming a fine-textured accent area. Growing best in moist rich soil, it is drought- and windresistant, and established plants will survive temperatures to 10- degrees F. or below, in full sun or light shade. Plants grow very slowly in the shade.

Article by Floridata
Chamaerops humilis is as versatile as it is beautiful! With the leaves trimmed up to show off the trunk, it makes a beautiful specimen plant - a delightful natural sculpture to grace your patio or entryway. Unpruned, they assume an attractive shrubby form. Use one as a screen or plant several side by side to form a barrier. Planted in groupings, they will accent that hard-to-garden, bare corner of your yard.

The European fan palm is excellent in containers and urns. And thanks to its drought resistance and durability to heat it can thrive in harsh urban conditions. This palm is somewhat salt resistant and may be grown near the ocean if given some protection (behind a dune, building, etc.)


Mediterranean Fan Palms Usage
Article by Sun Palm Trees

Cold hardy Mediterranean Fan Palm trees are as versatile as beautiful. With the leaves trimmed up to clear the trunk it makes a beautiful specimen plant - a natural sculpture to grace your patio or entryway. Unpruned, Mediterranean Fan palms assume an attractive shrubby form. Use them as a screens or plant several side by side to form barriers. Planted in groupings they will accent that hard-to-garden, bare corner of your yard. Mediterranean Fan Palm trees are excellent in containers and urns.

Location of The European Fan Palm

Article by Floridata

The attractive little European fan palm Chamaerops humilis is native to the hot dry hills and mountains of the Mediterranean Sea basin. Its native range extends from Africa's Atlas Mountains in Morocco to Spain and France and eastward to Turkey.

Culture of The European Fan Palm

Article by EuropeanFanPalms.com

European Fan Palms are native to the foothills of hot dry mountains aslo receiving very cold nights and winters. The European Fan palm is very adaptable to many kinds of well drained soils. Does best in areas where heat and cold are prevalant. Drought tolerant once established. Mainly used for ornamental purposes and religious ceremonies.

Light Requirements

Article by EuropeanFanPalms.com

European fan palm do best in full sun. They enjoy bright sunny locations, and does well in part shade with some direct sunlight. It will survive and thrive in rather heavy shade but will have an appearance as being stretched and will lose its compact shape.

Moisture Requirements

Article by EuropeanFanPalms.com

Provide adequate moisture for fastest growth. This palm is very drought tolerant once established. It dislikes soggy soils.

Hardiness of the European Fan Palm

Article by EuropeanFanPalms.com

USDA Zones 8-10. European fan palm is hardy throughout Florida. It can survive temperatures down to 10° F (-12° C). It even survives the occasional snowfall in its native habitat!

Propagation of the European Fan Palm Seeds

Article by EuropeanFanPalms.com

European fan palm is usually propagated from seed. It can also be propagated by dividing clumps or removing suckers, methods that require superhuman effort. I once spent a weekend dividing a clump. The effort left me a sweaty, sore, bloody mess (from the sharp teeth on the leaf stems!) Believe me, seeds are the way to go! Better yet, reasonably priced specimens are readily available from nurseries and discount stores.

Wholesale European Fan Palms

Article by EuropeanFanPalms.com

If you are interested in ordering massive quantities of European Fan Palms and would like to receive wholesale pricing on the European Fan Palms, I would suggest going to RealPalmTrees.com and calling them. 1877-257-4778. They have thousands of European fan palms in stock and offer great prices for wholesale. Dont be fooled by the prices they have for retail which includes shipping and welcome care kit and other non-essential items. When buying in bulk you will recieve wholesale prices and shipping can either be handled by you or by them. So if you are Interested in buying wholesale european fan palms look no further than real's nursery. Just tell them I told you. :)
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Palm of the Month


European Fan Palm
Article by Palmdoctor

The Chamaerops humilis is no ordinary palm! Not at all! Your Wise Gardener! grew European Fan Palm quite successfully in Zone 7 (Southern New Jersey!) when he lived in that region! Yes, it IS possible! Chamaerops, being a slow growing and an inherently small palm (in Greek, literally meaning a "ground-bush!)

If you, palm lover, wants a palm in your landscape, but do not live in the tropics or even sub-tropics, European Fan Palm is YOUR palm! It is a very handsome palm that's growth is widespread throughout Europe (even in Southern Germany & Switzerland!) and is indeed, Europe's most widely grown species!

It is variable in growth habit, and plants are either single-trunked, or have a plethora of multiple trunks. The petioles are spined, and sharp! Chamaerops humilis is best suited to temperate regions, i.e. Southern Australia, the Mediterranean Region, South Africa, mid to southern South America, and along both coasts of North America: to Long Island on the Eastern Seaboard, and to mid British Columbia, on the North American West Coast! Versatility is its hallmark! It adds a believable "tropical note" where ONLY a palm will do, and no other palm can serve!

The European Fan Palm makes an excellent tub or container palm for the patio all the way north to USDA Zone 6, where it can be removed where extremely cold weather is forecast. It is NOT unusual to see a European Fan Palm covered, and quite comfortable, in the snow...It is indeed, a unique and somewhat incongruous sight for tourists, say to the Alps, or even extreme Southern Sweden!

This long-lived & slow-growing palm is our Palm of the Month winner, this September, because it is a palm that doesn't know the meaning of "too cold for palms, in the traditional sense!" and it is beautiful in the bargain! Your Wise Gardener! is jealous of gardeners that can successfully raise this particular species of palm, as his European Fan Palm just doesn't look too healthy here in South Florida's balmy Zone 10, but he enjoys seeing them, when he travels to substantially cooler climes! It is a reassurance that a palm can be very successfully cultivated in a colder climate, and it makes that particular climate seem just a bit less "foreboding" in winter's icy chill! Bravo! European Fan Palm!